The controversial writer spent years in hiding after a 1989 decree by the Iranian chief led to threats in opposition to his life.
Creator Salman Rushdie has been hospitalised after he was attacked earlier as we speak at an occasion in New York state.
Police have stated that Rushdie was apparently stabbed within the neck, however acknowledged that the motive and the weapon used within the assault are nonetheless unknown. Reuters has reported that he’s in surgical procedure, and New York Governor Kathy Hochul has stated Rushdie is “getting the care he wants”.
Rushdie’s writing led to loss of life threats from Iran within the Eighties, which banned his most well-known guide, The Satanic Verses, in 1988. A 12 months later, Iran’s late chief Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a non secular edict calling for the writer’s loss of life.
Iran additionally provided greater than $3m for anybody who kills Rushdie. Iran’s authorities has since distanced itself from Khomeini’s decree, however Rushdie has remained a deeply controversial determine. Rushdie frolicked in hiding underneath the pseudonym Joseph Anton.
Here’s a timeline of Rushdie’s life:
June 19, 1947: Rushdie is born in Bombay, now Mumbai, India.
1981: His second novel, Midnight’s Youngsters, wins the Booker Prize.
1988: The Satanic Verses is launched however is rapidly banned in Bangladesh, Pakistan, South Africa and different nations. India additionally bans it from being imported.
1989: Iran points a “fatwa”, or non secular decree, calling for Rushdie to be killed for insulting Islam in The Satanic Verses. He lives underground for greater than a decade, transferring between protected homes and residing underneath the pseudonym Joseph Anton.
1990: Newsweek publishes an essay by Rushdie, In Good Religion, by which he sought to defend the novel.
1993: He participates within the founding the Worldwide Parliament of Writers geared toward defending writers and freedom of speech. It was dissolved in 2003.
2005: Shalimar the Clown, is printed, with many narrative threads revolving round Indian-administered Kashmir.
2007: He’s knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his providers to literature, prompting widespread protests amongst Muslims, notably in Pakistan.
2008: Rushdie’s novel Midnight’s Youngsters is called the “Booker of Bookers” after profitable a public vote for the most effective Booker-winning novel in 40 years of the award.
2009: Iran says the non secular edict is “nonetheless legitimate”.
2012: Rushdie publishesm Joseph Anton, a memoir wanting again at his years in hiding.
2015: Two Years, Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, is launched.
2016: Rushdie turns into a US citizen after about 20 years of residing in New York.
2020: Rushdie is short-listed for the Booker Prize for, Quichotte, a contemporary model of the Spanish epic, Don Quixote, by Miguel de Cervantes.